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Theme 1: Low level environmental exposures

Theme 1: Introduction

Overall aim of this theme:  To use epidemiological methods to show association between disease and exposure to environmental hazards.  Work in this theme comprises epidemiology and surveillance and will be organised into the projects detailed below. These involve substantive exposures where... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 1 - Carbon monoxide

Initial work has highlighted the likely extent of low-level exposure to CO to a much larger proportion of the English population than previously thought. Following our analyses of hospital admissions and initial work on A&E attendances 2007-10, epidemiological analyses will be extended to... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 2 - Health impacts from bioaerosols from waste composting facilities and intensive farming

This is of particular concern to Defra and the Environment Agency (EA) as the evidence base on which to regulate composting on health grounds is lacking. Work will be undertaken on exposure assessment to develop a dispersion model for sites in England although it is recognised that differences... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 3 - Cluster guidelines/Rapid Inquiry Facility

We aim to complete and make available guidelines on investigation of clusters of non-infectious disease; involving developing case studies, completing draft guidance, consulting widely in the public health community (including PHECs & FES) on these guidelines, and finalising them in the... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 4 - Assessing environmental epidemiology evidence for health effects of low level exposures

This project addresses uncertainties in assessing dose-response effects of low level exposures, with initial work focussing on systematic reviews and work on dose response assessment from perfluorinated compounds.

A new activity for years 5 & 6 arises from PHE’s tracking work... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 5 - Low level population heavy metal exposure

"Contaminated land” is a recognised problem for areas of the UK with some previous industrial and brown field sites having persistent high levels of metals and other contaminants. The potential importance of population exposures for health, particularly infant health, has recently been... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 6: Exposure to emissions from incinerators

Exposure modelling of particulates has been completed, but it proved impossible to conduct modelling for dioxins or metals as measurements were too sparse.

A human breast milk collection has been conducted near three incinerators in the BEED study and chemical analyses of the breast milk... Read more...