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Theme 1: Low level environmental exposures

Theme 1: Introduction

Overall aim of this theme:  To use epidemiological methods to show association between disease and exposure to environmental hazards.  Work in this theme comprises epidemiology and surveillance and will be organised into the projects detailed below. These involve substantive exposures where... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 1 - Carbon monoxide

Initial work has highlighted the likely extent of low-level exposure to CO to a much larger proportion of the English population than previously thought. Following our analysis of hospital admissions epidemiological analyses will be extended to the development of methodologies to link across A... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 2 - Health impacts from bioaerosols from waste composting facilities

This is of particular concern to Defra and the Environment Agency (EA) as the evidence base on which to regulate composting on health grounds is lacking. Work will be undertaken on exposure assessment to develop a dispersion model for sites in England although it is recognised that differences... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 3 - Cluster guidelines/Rapid Inquiry Facility

We aim to complete and make available guidelines on investigation of clusters of non-infectious disease; involving developing case studies, completing draft guidance, consulting widely in the public health community (including PHECs & FES) on these guidelines, and finalising them in the... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 4 - Assessing environmental epidemiology evidence for health effects of low level exposures

There is uncertainty in how best to synthesize and carry out systematic reviews in environmental epidemiology for assessing low level exposure effects and no effect levels. COT and COC are re-evaluating their current review methods in this area (led by A. Hansell, a COT member). Research on some... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 5 - Low level population heavy metal exposure

“Contaminated land” is a recognised problem for areas of the UK with some previous industrial and brown field sites having persistent high levels of metals and other contaminants. The potential importance of population exposures for health, particularly infant health, has recently been... Read more...

Theme 1: Project 6: Exposure to emissions from incinerators

Staff experienced in the specialised environmental exposure modelling skills being employed for the bioaerosols project (project 2) have also been participating in emissions modelling for UK municipal waste incinerators towards the last months of year 1, a project led by Imperial with PHE (CRCE... Read more...