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Theme 4: Health effects of noise and air pollution including nanoparticles

Theme 4: Introduction

Overall aim of this theme:  To advance the scientific evidence base to support public health protection with respect to ambient air pollution (including nanoparticles) and transport related noise.

Theme 4: Project 1 - Optimising assessment of health impacts of air pollution

Introduction: Calculation of the health burden of air pollution on health currently concentrates on the effects of long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on mortality in reports and in the form of a public health outcome indicator on the percentage of mortality related to fine... Read more...

Theme 4: Project 2 - Neurocognitive and behavioural impacts of traffic derived pollutants in children

Introduction: An emerging literature demonstrates impaired neuropsychological development (executive function, motor skills, language development and intelligence quotient) in children exposed to elevated air pollutant concentrations and indicators of high traffic exposure, such as proximity to... Read more...

Theme 4: Project 3 - Nanoparticle exposure assessment

Introduction: The public health risks associated with exposure to many engineered nanoparticles remain uncertain. Recent studies illustrating similarities between the pulmonary effects of some carbon nanotubes and asbestos, and the well-documented effects of fine particulate air pollution on... Read more...

Theme 4: Project 4 - Health Impacts; nanoparticles

Introduction: The public health risks associated with exposure to many engineered nanoparticles remain uncertain. Recent studies illustrating similarities between the pulmonary effects of some carbon nanotubes and asbestos, and the well-documented effects of fine particulate air pollution on... Read more...

Theme 4: Project 5 - Improved in vitro systems for evaluation and comparing toxicity of air pollutants

The purpose of this project is to apply the in vitro cell culture and exposure systems developed under project 4 for use in the toxicological assessment of nanomaterials to investigate the toxicity of components of ambient air pollution. These novel systems have not been generally applied to the... Read more...

Theme 4: Project 6 - Adherence to preventative recommendations during public health emergencies (Air pollution)

During many public health crises, members of the public are advised to follow official recommendations to prevent them from becoming ill. Adherence to these health risk communications, which can also involve advice to use preventative medications, is often poor. In particular, adherence to air... Read more...

Theme 4: Project 7 - Methods for assessing the public health benefits of local transport interventions

Given the large contribution of transport emissions to air pollution concentrations, transport interventions have an important role in reducing air pollution concentrations and are therefore a focus for Theme IV.  In addition, transport interventions within cities are also important for the... Read more...